Introduction to Biomedical Engineering

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  • Electronics
    • In this module, we introduce the basics of electronics and an overview of the field. We explain analogue and digital electronics, introduce basic components and discuss how to read and understand principle diagrams. We talk about amplifiers and filters in detail and learn how and why to apply them for biomedical signal acquisition.
  • Control theory
    • This module gives an introduction to Laplace transform and transfer functions. We analyse various mechanical and electrical closed-loop systems and show how to predict the system performance and stability. Finally, we introduce and analyse the PID controller as the most universal tool for the closed-loop control and show how to control a DC motor.
  • Real-time Embedded Systems (Arduino)
    • In this module, we discuss the basics of embedded systems. We are using Arduino as a basic platform. We introduce the syntax and structure of Arduino language, discussing timing, loops, functions, and serial interface. The concept of interruption is introduced and discussed in detail with examples. We consider several basic embedded applications and finishing with the practical coding of a fully-functional embedded PID controller for the DC motor.
  • High-level programming and complex control (MATLAB)
    • This module introduces the basics of MATLAB programming, basic syntax and common commands. We discuss the implementation of a serial interface between the embedded system and MATLAB and learn how to apply signal processing techniques like digital filtering and RMS calculations in real-time. Finally, we assemble all previously learned components together and implement an expandable and scalable platform for a bionic prosthetic device. The platform is featuring EMG signal amplification, filtering, ADC, microcontroller-PC interface, and closed-loop control of the DC motor in real-time with the parameters extracted from the EMG.