History OF Modern East Asia II c. (1868-1945) Japan & Korea

Por: Swayam . en: , ,


JAPANCrisis in the Tokugawa Shogunate is an important phase in the Japanese history. The downfall of the Tokugawa Shogunate was followed by Meiji Restoration. Meiji Political reorganization, Military reforms, Social cultural, Educational and financial reforms are also highlighted, in the Japanese history. Meiji constitution is also an important part of Japanese history. Meiji revolution transform the domestic space in Japan. World War–I brought unprecedented human disaster to Europe, in Asia it brought some unexpected opportunities. From 1890s through the 1920s hybrid politics of imperial democracy emerged in Japan. A similar mixture of consensus on basic goals and a strategic contentions over how to achieve them marked Japanese foreign policy of the 1910s and 1920s. In 1937 Japanese troops emerged in a minor skirmish with the Chinese soldiers. The Pacific war began with swift dramatic victories for Japanese army and navy. The combination of two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945) led the Japanese emperor to end the War. Japanese surrender marked a great drive in modern history.
KOREAKorea is an ancient land with 2000 years of recorded history and a rich and distinctive cultural tradition. Korea today is divided into two rival states but this is a fairly recent development. The peninsular heartland of what is today’s Korea was united in 676 and except for one brief period remained so until the end of World War–II. A nation that arguably the most ethnically homogeneous in the world with thirteen century of political unity with national and provincial boundaries older than almost any other state was cut into halves by two super power. The history traces the origin and development of the Korean people and their culture from the varied tribal people who settled in the Pennisula to the two Koreas today. The remarkable continuity of Korea’s social and political history. The old order, the institutional decay of Joseon Korea, Koreas interaction with the western world, social, political and economic reforms of Korea, Japanese colonization and post war changes makes Korean history worthy of study.