Queuing Theory: from Markov Chains to Multi-Server Systems
Situations where resources are shared among users appear in a wide variety of domains, from lines at stores and toll booths to queues in telecommunication networks. The management of these shared resources can have direct consequences on users, whether it be waiting times or blocking probabilities.
In this course, you’ll learn how to describe a queuing system statistically, how to model the random evolution of queue lengths over time and calculate key performance indicators, such as an average delay or a loss probability.
This course is aimed at engineers, students and teachers interested in network planning.
Practical coursework will be carried out using ipython notebooks on a Jupyterhub server which you will be given access to.
This is a five week course :
- Week 1 is an introduction to queuing theory. We will introduce basic notions such as arrivals and departures. Particular attention will be paid to the Poisson process and to exponential distribution, two important particular cases of arrivals and service times.
- During week 2 we will analyze a first simple example of a no-loss queue, the so called M/M/1 queue, and we will compute its average performance metrics.
- Week 3 will be dedicated to a basic course in discrete time Markov chains. We will learn how they are characterized and how to compute their steady-state distribution.
- Then in week 4 we will move on to continuous time Markov chains. Again we will learn how to characterize them and how to analyze their steady-state distribution. Equipped with these tools we will then analyze the M/M/1 queue.
- In week 5 we will study multiserver and finite capacity queues and study how to dimension a loss network.
Each week of the course will include five or six video lectures, a quiz to test your understanding of the main concepts introduced during that week and a lab using python.
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